The Saint Bernard is an imposing and powerful dog breed with a massive and robust physique.
The Saint Bernard is a large, well-proportioned and muscular dog. Its body is strong and massive, with a broad and expressive head. Its muzzle is short and wide, with a marked stop (ie a depression between the forehead and the nose). The eyes are usually medium in size, oval in shape, brown to dark in color and often express gentleness and benevolence. The ears are medium sized, pendulous and carried close to the cheeks.
The Saint Bernard has a straight, strong back, with a deep, broad chest. Its neck is muscular and of medium length, often bearing a thick mane of hair. The tail is long, thick and carried low, usually reaching the level of the hocks.
The Saint Bernard's coat is dense and double, with a thick undercoat and a harsh, short outer coat. Coat color usually ranges from red-brown to white with distinct markings on the head, neck, chest, legs and tail. The black mask around the eyes is a typical characteristic of the breed.
The Saint Bernard is generally known for its friendly, gentle and affectionate temperament. He is often described as a patient and tolerant dog, although he can be protective of his family. The Saint Bernard is also renowned for its intelligence and ability to learn, although it can be stubborn on occasion. Due to its size and strength, proper socialization and training from an early age is important to make it a well-rounded dog.
Originally, the Saint Bernard was used as a mountain search and rescue dog, helping to locate and rescue people lost in the Swiss Alps. These days, this breed is more commonly seen as a companion and family dog, although they can also participate in activities such as obedience, agility, and search and rescue work.
The Saint Bernard requires regular maintenance of its coat to prevent knots and hair loss. He may also be prone to health issues related to his size, including joint, heart, and respiratory problems. Exercise should be tailored to his specific needs and should be monitored due to his large size. A balanced diet and watching your weight are also important to maintain your health.